From Bonk to BQ - How Going 3 Minutes Slower Led to a 15 Minute Faster Finish

After months of training to qualify for the Boston Marathon—John had put in his long runs, pushed through his tempo workouts, and his taper was flawless—he was ready to run his first Boston Qualifier. On the morning of the marathon he feels good, his legs are unstoppable. He thinks “Maybe I can do even better than just BQ.” The pre-race adrenaline is pumping; his heart is racing. The gun fires and he’s flying. “New PR today!” he thinks to himself as he floats past his BQ pacemaker. As he finishes mile 9 he starts feeling it—the lead accumulating in his shoes. He slows down to shake it off. By mile 15 he’s barely hanging on. At mile 20 his BQ pacemaker passes him; there’s no hope of keeping up as he falls further behind.

The wall is real, it’s painful, and it’s upsetting. Months of training feel seemingly wasted. This happens to some 40% of marathon runners (1). The story above happened to one runner who came to us to try out our technology after his disappointing run. Just 3 weeks later he ran another marathon, but this time he was armed with his optimal marathon pace, calculated using data from Tyme Wear. He maintained the pace throughout the race, finished 15 minutes faster than the first marathon, qualified for Boston, and felt great afterwards. He managed to shave 15 minutes off his marathon time, but the first 9 miles were actually 3 minutes SLOWER than in the first marathon. Lets dig into how that works out.

 

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An important thing to appreciate about pacing is that our bodies’ fuel consumption is not linearly related to speed (2). As we go faster, we need to recruit progressively more muscles to sustain the work. This is because as our force and speed requirement increases, our muscles get less efficient at outputting that force, this is called the force-velocity relationship of muscles. As you recruit more muscles, your energy expenditure goes up accordingly; progressively. This means you only have to go slightly faster than your ideal speed for a given distance to burn your energy too quickly, be forced to slow down, and enter a world of pain and regret. On the reverse side, if you go slower than this speed, you’ll have plenty of fuel left in the tank and you won’t reach your full potential. But when a race is run just right, it feels incredible!

The truth is, hitting your wall doesn’t have to happen at all. It’s not an inevitable, foregone conclusion of running a marathon or endurance event. That’s because, for any given distance you have an optimal speed that is defined by your current level of conditioning. This means you have a speed that will get you across any finish line in the least amount of time without hitting the wall.

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Knowing your Threshold can give you an accurate prediction of what your max speed is for a given distance. By using their Thresholds, we’ve been able to predict 15 out of 15 of our pilot users marathon performances within 1 minute of their actual results. What we learned by making these predictions and then seeing them come true is that our muscles don’t actually have a concept of distance—they have no idea whether you’re intention is to run a marathon or just jog a mile. They only know how much work they are being asked to do, how much fuel they have on hand to do the work, and how long they can sustain it based on their current level of conditioning. It’s up to you to know what your ideal pace should be. We can help!

 

References:

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1469029207000246

  2. http://journals.plos.org/ploscompbiol/article?id=10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000960#pcbi.1000960-Buman1

The key to improving your endurance

To be a better runner you need to improve 3 things: 1. your muscle oxygen uptake, 2. your ability to endure higher work loads, and 3. the amount of force you can exert on the ground.

Improving muscle oxygen uptake comes from exercising at a base-building intensity of 50-60% of your Threshold effort level. This is where your muscles have as much oxygen as they need to become more efficient at consuming it. You can sustain this effort level for an extended amount of time at a relatively low energy cost, which gives your muscles the time they need to adapt to the training, while minimizing the stress you put on your body overall.

Increased capacity translates into your ability to run faster for longer.

Minimizing stress during your base building workouts is important, because achieving the second goal—increasing your endurance capacity—requires spending time at your Threshold. Increased capacity translates into your ability to run faster for longer. Many people know this workout as a tempo run, but there is a lot of confusion as to why and how it should be done. The bottom line is, by training at your Threshold you are strengthening your muscles at the limit of their endurance ability. If you’re running Tempo below your Threshold, then you won’t see improvement in your capacity. If you’re running above your Threshold, then you won’t last as long as you can at Threshold, which reduces the number of minutes your muscles can improve their capacity. Because you’ve done base building workouts at the right intensity, you won’t fatigue too quickly, which gives your muscles valuable minutes to adapt to the stress of the workout. Over time your muscle fibers will strengthen, making what was once hard, much easier.

As your ability to apply higher forces improves, it becomes relatively easy to maintain a given submax speed.

The third goal is achieved through sprint workouts and/or strength training. These workouts overload your muscles for short periods of time, which can help to accelerate your ability to apply higher forces on the ground. As your ability to apply higher forces improves, it becomes relatively easy to maintain a given submax speed. When you overload your muscles in these workouts, its critical to give them adequate rest in between sprints or sets. Resting length should be at least 2 and up to 4 times longer than the sprint or set itself.

By targeting your true base-building, Threshold, and sprint paces, you can see dramatic improvement.

The bottom line is, if you want to improve your running performance, you need to improve your muscles’ ability to transmit and sustain higher forces onto the ground. You do this by making your muscles stronger with Threshold, sprint and strength training workouts, and by spending time at your base-building intensity to develop a powerful aerobic engine so your muscles consume oxygen efficiently. If you’re spending most of your training somewhere between your base-building intensity and Threshold then you will likely plateau, or see very slow improvement, because those workout intensities are basically base-building workouts that are harder than necessary. By targeting your true base-building, Threshold, and sprint paces, you can see dramatic improvement. Learn how Tempo can help you target your ideal workout paces.